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用法联想

2016-08-05 09:20:28 来源: 作者:

  英语习惯用法汇总

  【要点点拨】

  1. It’s the first time that……….(从句中用现在完成时)

  It was for the first time that………(强调句,对状语

  for the first time进行强调)

  It’s (high) time that……..(从句中用过去时或should

  do)

  2.It’s the same with sb. / So it is with sb.表示某人也

  如此(用于前句中既有肯定又有否定或两个不同类

  的谓语动词)

  3.…be about to do / be doing……when…….正要

  做/正在做……就在那时…….

  4. A is twice / three times as +原级+as B

  A is twice / three times the n. of B.

  A is twice / three times +比较级+than B

  5.It’s a waste of time / money doing / to do…

  It’s no use / good doing………

  It’s possible / probable / (un) likely that……….

  It makes great / no sense to do……做某事很有/没

  意义

  6.There’s no use / good doing…….

  There’s no sense / point (in) doing……

  There is no need for sth. / to do…….

  There is (no) possibility that…………(同位语从

  句)

  7.The+比较级…….., the+比较级………越……..,

  越…….

  注意:前半句为从句,用一般现在时代替将来时;

  8.It seems / appears ( to sb. ) that sb…….在某人看

  来某人………

  .= Sb. seems / appears to be / to do / to be doing

  / to have done……..

  It seems / looks as if……….好象/似乎……..

  9.It (so) happened that sb. ……..某人碰巧……..

  = Sb. happened to be / to do / to be doing / to

  have done…..

  10.It is said / thought / believed / hoped /

  supposed …….that sb………

  =Sb. is said to be / to do / to be doing / to have

  done……….(注意:这种句型里如带动词hope则

  不能变成简单句,因为无hope sb. to do结构)

  12…….such…….that…….如此…….以致于(引导结

  果状语从句)

  …….such……..as……像……..的这种……(as为关

  系代词,引导定语从句,在从句里充当主、宾、表)

  13. Do you mind if I do sth.? / Would you mind if I

  did sth.?

  14.The chance is that……../ (The )Chances are

  that……….很可能…….

  15.Check / Make sure / See to it / See that……..(从

  句中常用一般现在时) 确信/务必……..

  16.depend on it that……..取决于

  see to it that…….负责/设法做到…….

  注意:除了except / but / in等介词可以直接接that

  从句,其它介词后必须用it做形式宾语;

  17.It is / was +介词短语/ 从句/ 名词/代词等

  +that………

  How / When / Where / Why is / was it

  that………..?

  注意:此句型为强调句,当被强调的为表示人的词

  时,还可用who连接;强调主语时,从句后的谓语

  动词应与前面的主语保持一致;注意与定语从句的

  区别)

  18.How is it that……..(这几个句型都表示“怎么

  会…….?” “怎么发生的?”)

  How come+从句?

  How does / did sth. come about? ( How did it

  come about that…….?)

  如:How come you are late again?

  19.There seems / appears / happens to be / must

  be / can’t be / is (are, was, were) said to be / is (

  are, was, were) thought to be…….

  表示 “.似乎有/碰巧有/一定有/不可能有/ 据说有/认

  为有……..”

  介词(如of )there being

  want / wish / expect there to be要/希望/期待

  有……..

  adj. / adv. enough for there to be…….足够…….

  会有…….

  注意:there being / there to be为there be的非谓

  语形式;It is said / thought that there is / are……

  =There is / was / are / were said (thought) to

  be……. 如:

  I have never dream of there being such a good

  chance for me.

  It won’t be cold enough for there to be a frost

  tonight.

  20. 疑问词+插入语+陈述语序?

  Who do you think he’ll have attend the meeting?

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